Choking occur when a foreign object blocking the flow of air. babies or young children can choke on anything small as food or toys. If the baby is deprived of oxygen for too long they will lose consciousness &may suffer brain damage or even death.

To prevent choking:

  • Keep small objects out of reach.
  • Cut up food into very small pieces.
  • Supervise children while they are eating.
  • Supervise children while they are playing.

Symptom of choking:

  • Coughing&Difficulty breathing  .
  • Producing an sound, high pitched sound.
  • Inability to make any sound at all.
  • Clutching at the throat.
  • Skin turning bright red or blue.
  • Lips & finger nails turning blue.
  • Loss of consciousness.

First aid to choking:

  • If the baby is coughing this means that their airway is only partially blocked. if this is the case, allow the baby to continue coughing as coughing is most effective way to clear any obstructions.
  • If the baby is unable to cry or make noise. This means that their airway is completely blocked & they will be unable to remove the obstruction by coughing. So, start administering first aid immediately.

    A child younger than 1 year & who is conscious
    :-
     
  • Hold the child face down on your forearm, supported by your thigh, keep the child's torso higher than the head.
  • Use the heel of your hand to thump the child in between the shoulder blades up to 5 times.
  • Turn the child face up & keep supporting head & neck, if the object is not out yet . go to step 4.
  • Place the child on a firm surface, put 2 fingers in the center of the child's breastbone & push quickly up to 5 times.
  • repeatuntil the object comes out.

    A child older than 1 year & who is conscious:-
  • Stand behind the child & wrap your arms around his waist.
  • Place a fist just above the child's belly button.
  • Hold the fist with your free hand & quickly push in & up.
  • Repeat until the object comes out.

If the baby's air way is still blocked after 3 cycle of back steps. you should take the baby to hospital as quickly as possible.

Common mistakes :

  • Don't try to remove the object by your hand, you could accidentally push the object deeper in the child's throat.
Don't give a choking child a glass of water or something to eat. Because, it may make the situation worse by causing further blockage.